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Ancestors of John William Brearton *

Thirty-first Generation

2113971712. Harding FitzEadnoth , of Bristol* 1, 2, 3, 4 was born about 1060 in Gloucestershire, England. He died 5, 6, 7 after 1125 in Baldwinstreet, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. He married Livida of Gloucester. [Parents]

The ancient family of de Berkeley deduces its descent from Hardinge, ayounger son of one of the kings of Denmark, who came over to England withWilliam the Conqueror, and fought at the battle of Hastings. His son,Robert FitzHardinge, obtained the Castle of Berkeley for his fidelity toKing Henry II. [John Burke, History of the Commoners of Great Britain andIreland, Vol. I., R. Bentley, London, 1834-1838, p. 469, Berkeley, ofSpetchley]

2113971713. Livida of Gloucester was born about 1070 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England.


2113971714. Estmond , Sir Knight 1 was born about 1050 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. He married Godiva.

2113971715. Godiva 1 was born about 1076 in Normandy, France.


2113971716. Roger II "Junior" de Berkeley 1, 2 was born about 1073 in Berkeley, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England. He died 3 before 29 Sep 1131 in Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England. [Parents]


Roger de Berkeley, styled Junior, brother of Eusatce of Nympesfield, bothbeing not improbably sons of the above Roger, Senior. He is said to havebegun building of the Castle of Berkeley in 1117 (Lord Berkeley wrote tothe then editor in 1924, expressing his opinion that the castle was notbegun till about 45 years later). He d. bef. Michaelmas, 1131. [CompletePeerage II:124, XIV:86]


1117 - Founded Berkeley Castle [Plantagenet Ancestry, Turton]


2113971722. Ralph Paynel , Lord of Dudley 1, 2 was born about 1100 in Dudley Castle, Warwickshire, England. He died 3 before 1153. He married Miss de Ferrers , Heiress of Greenham. [Parents]

Ralph Paynel, of Dudley, co. Worcester, one of the rebels against KingStephen in 1138, when he held the castle of Dudley, against him, living1141, d. by 1153; m. N.N., probably daughter of Robert de Ferrers, d.1139, 1st Earl of Derby, by his wife, Hawise, daughter of Andre, d. 1139,Seigneur of Vitre in Brittany. Evidence of the identity of the wife ofRalph Paynel is her maritagium which consisted of the manor of Greenham,co. Berks. [Ancestral Roots]


Ralph son of Fulk Paynel was an adherent of the Empress Maud. [CompletePeerage X:320]

2113971723. Miss de Ferrers , Heiress of Greenham 1 was born about 1100 in Greenham, Newbury, Berkshire, England. [Parents]

N.N., probably daughter of Robert de Ferrers, d. 1139, 1st Earl of Derby,by his wife, Hawise, daughter of Andre, d. 1139, Seigneur of Vitre inBrittany. Evidence of the identity of the wife of Ralph Paynel is hermaritagium which consisted of the manor of Greenham, co. Berks.[Ancestral Roots]


2113971724. Gilbert le Marshal , of Winterbourne 1 was born about 1067 in Cheddar, Axbridge, Somerset, England. He died 2 before 1130 in Winterbourne Monkton, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England. He married Miss de Venuz. [Parents]

Gilbert the Marshal, was the first known holder of the office. He withhis son John successfully maintained their right under Henry I to theoffice of Master Marshal in the King's Household, for which they had beenimpleaded in the King's Court by Robert de Venoiz and William de Hastings(g). The name and parentage of Gilbert's wife are unknown. He d. in orshortly before 1130 (h). [Complete Peerage X:Appendix G:92]

(g) This appears from King John's confirmation, 20 Apr 1200, to WilliamMarshal, Earl of Pembroke. Gilbert may have been son or grandson of anotherwise unknown Robert, who in 1086 held Cheddar, Somerset, under Rogerde Courseulles. Robert the Marshal, who in 1086 held Lavington, Wilts,in chief, has been suggested as the possible progenitor of the family,but this is unlikely, as in 1166 Lavington was held by Piers de la Mare.

(h) He left at least 2 sons, John abovenamed and William Giffard, who waspresented to the church of Cheddar Hole, Somerset, and was admitted byGodfrey, Bishop of Bath (1122-35), which church was given to BradenstokePriory by his brother John. Unless there was another brother namedWilliam, he was Chancellor to the Empress Maud in 1141 and 1142.Presumably William was called "Giffard" as a nickname -- the chubbycheeked.


The following is a post to SGM, 8 Jan 2003, by John Ravillious, whichintroduces the name "Giffard" into the Marshal family (CP thought it wasmerely a nickname for Gilbert's brother). Perhaps this family isconnected to the Giffards of Loungeville, Normandy:

From: (
Subject: Gilbert Giffard of Winterbourne Monkton: ancestor of WilliamMarshal ?
Newsgroups: soc.genealogy.medieval
Date: 2003-01-08 21:16:34 PST

Wednesday, 8 January, 2003

Hello All,

A wise man once said, ' Life is what happens while you're busy makingother plans.' Well, he probably said it more than once.

Anyway, in looking about for more Despenser detritus, I came acrossan article from the English Historical Review from 1999 in which theauthor (N. E. Stacy) put forth, in part, the position that the family ofWilliam Marshal, Earl of Pembroke derived from one Gilbert Giffard (orGibard), Domesday tenant of Winterbourne Monkton. I have incorporatedthe relevant portion of the article below [1].

Is anyone of the list aware of this derivation being accepted, ordisproven? If this is correct, the information below impacts theancestry of the widest range of list members (apologies to JSG: WilliamMarshal is another good candidate for 'Kilroy of medieval Englishancestry').

Good luck, and good hunting to all.

John *


[1] From English Historical Review, Feb.1999: Henry of Blois and theLordship of Glastonbury ( N. E. Stacy)


' A major player in the politics of the civil war was the subject ofanother remarkable omission from the abbey's carta. On the border of JohnMarshal's manor of Rockley and only six miles from his base atMarlborough lay the Glastonbury manor of Winterbourne Monkton, includinga 3 1/2-hide subtenancy over which the abbot's lordship had beenrecognized in 1086 and was to be again in 1173 and thereafter, but whichwas absent from the carta of 1166.(2) At the time of Domesday it had beenheld by Gilbert `Gibard'.(3) He withheld geld from his demesne, which, asa mesne tenant, he was not entitled to do, but as one of the chiefofficers of the royal household he was anyway exempt. For Gilbert`Gibard' or Giffard was in fact the marshal, father of John I andgrandfather of John II, who answered for one fee of Glastonbury Abbey in1173.(4) No Marshal obligation, however, was recorded in 1166. BishopHenry's relations with the family can never have been good, since itsopposition to Stephen had been patent: John I's brother, William, hadbecome Matilda's chancellor,(5) while John himself had pursued his owninterests, which took him often into the Angevin camp but rarely, ifever, into Stephen's.(6) However, the Marshal exclusion fromGlastonbury's carta was not based purely on personal antagonism, for thefee they held of Henry as bishop of Winchester was duly recorded in1166.(7) The Glastonbury problem was probably connected with a disputebetween the abbey and another tenant, the earl of Salisbury, over his feeat Mildenhall (Wilts.). This large subtenancy had been granted as amarriage-portion to Earl Patrick's sister, Sybil, on her marriage to JohnMarshal in the 1140s and thereafter the service owed to the abbot hadlapsed.(1) Whether the Marshal instigated the refusal of service from hiswife's manor because of a dispute over Winterbourne or withheld servicefrom Winterbourne because of his in-laws' dispute over Mildenhall cannotbe known, but the two problems were surely connected. Bishop Henry asusual proved intractable and no settlement could be made in either casewhile he was alive. It was his successor, Abbot Robert of Winchester(1173-80), who secured Earl William of Salisbury's confirmation of knightservice owed from Mildenhall and John Marshal II's acknowledgment of thatdue from Winterbourne Monkton.(2) By an irony Richard Cotel, thesuccessor and namesake of Bishop Henry's enemy, was to marry the heiressof the rear tenant of the latter fee and so extend the presence withinthe Glastonbury lordship of a family which the Bishop had been at painsto expel.(3) '


The earliest notice of this family occurs in the time of Henry I, whenGilbert Mareschall, and John, his son, were impleaded by Robert de Venoixand William de Hastings for the office of Mareschal to the king, butwithout success. The son, (bearing the same surname, derived from hisoffice), was called John Mareschall. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant,Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London,1883, p. 357, Marshal, Barons Marshal

2113971725. Miss de Venuz 1 was born about 1086 in Venoix near Caen, Calvados, Normandy, France. [Parents]


2113971726. Walter of Salisbury , Sheriff of Wiltshire 1, 2, 3, 4 was born in 1100 in Chitterne, Wiltshire, England. He died 5, 6 in 1147 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. He was buried in Bradenstock Priory, Wiltshire, England (founded). He married Sibyl de Chaworth , Heiress of Hesdin about 1117 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. [Parents]

WALTER OF SALISBURY, styled also Walter FitzEdward and Walter theSheriff, son and heir, was sheriff of Wilts under Henry I; but lost theoffice for a time in that reign. In 1130 he was acquitted of £4 Danegeldin Dorset and £7 in Wilts. He was present at the Council of Northampton,September 1131. He was with Stephen at Westminster at Easter 1136, and atSalisbury at Christmas 1139. He founded the Priory of Bradenstoke, Wilts;and was a benefactor to Salisbury Cathedral.

He married Sibyl, daughter of Patrick DE CHAOURCES [Chaworth], by Maud,daughter of Ernulf DE HESDIN; which Sibyl had as her marriage-portion 15fees of the old feoffment and one newly made. She died before her husbandand was buried near the quire in Bradenstoke. He took the habit of acanon there, died in 1147, and was buried in the same grave as his wife.[Complete Peerage XI:374-5, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

2113971727. Sibyl de Chaworth , Heiress of Hesdin 1, 2, 3, 4 was born in 1100 in Kempsford, Gloucestershire, England. She died 5 before 1147 in Bradenstoke Priory, Wiltshire, England. [Parents]

He [Walter of Salisbury] married Sibyl, daughter of Patrick DE CHAOURCES[Chaworth], by Maud, daughter of Ernulf DE HESDIN; which Sibyl had as hermarriage-portion 15 fees of the old feoffment and one newly made. Shedied before her husband and was buried near the quire in Bradenstoke. Hetook the habit of a canon there, died in 1147, and was buried in the samegrave as his wife. [Complete Peerage XI:374-5, (transcribed by DaveUtzinger)]


2113971728. Count of Anjou Geoffrey V Plantagenet was born on 24 Aug 1113 in Anjou,France . He died on 7 Sep 1151 in Chateau,Eure-et-Loir,France . He married Empress of Germany Mathilda "Maud" Princess England on 22 May 1127 in Le Mans,Sarthe,France . [Parents]

BIR-MAR-DEA: Bk, Medieval Knight by Stephen Turnbull.

2113971729. Empress of Germany Mathilda "Maud" Princess England was born before 5 Aug 1102 in London,Middlesex,England . She died on 10 Sep 1169 in Notre Dame,Rouen,Seine-Maritime,France . She was buried in Bec Abbey,Le Bec-Hellouin,Eure,France . [Parents]


2113971730. Duke William X the Toulousan Aquitaine was born in 1099 in Toulouse, France. He died on 19 Apr 1137 in Saint Jacques-de-Compostelle, Spain. He married Eleanor De Chatellerault in 1121. [Parents]

2113971731. Eleanor De Chatellerault was born about 1103 in Chatellerault, Poitou, Aquitaine. She died after Mar 1130.


2113971733. Isabel De Warenne. [Parents]


2127581952. Lord Berkeley Robert "The Devout" FitzHarding * 1, 2, 3 was born 4, 5, 6 about 1095 in Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. He died 7, 8 on 5 Feb 1170/1171 in St Augustine's Priory, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. He married Eva FitzEstmond about 1119. [Parents]

Robert Fitz Harding, feudal Lord of Berkeley; granted by Henry II 1153/4the castle of Berkeley, Glos, founder 1141 of Abbey of St Augustine,Bristol. [Burke's Peerage]


Robert FitzHardinge obtained for his fidelity to King Henry II the Castleof Berkeley, wrested from Roger de Berkeley, or Dursley, a partisan ofStephen, and thereby became one of the feudal barons of the realm. Hemarried Eva, niece of William the Conqueror, and founded the monastery ofSt. Augustine, at Bristol, in the year 1140, and was buried there in1170. He was s. by his eldest son, Maurice de Berkeley. [John Burke,History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. I., R.Bentley, London, 1834-1838, p. 469, Berkeley, of Spetchley]



Robert Fitz Harding, who "may bee called Rober the Devout," son ofHarding (d), said to have been a merchant of Bristol, and of great wealthand influence, received from Henry of Anjou, in 1153 or 1154, shortlybefore his accession as Henry II, a grant (among others) of the Castleand "herness " of Berkeley (as above mentioned) which was confirmed bythe said Henry when King, probably in 1155 the first year of his reign,whereby he the said Robert (doubtless) became feudal L.ORD OF BERKELEY.In 1168 he entetained Dermot Mae Murrough, King of Leinster, on hisarrival, at Bristol, to solicit succour from Henry II. He founded, in1141, the Abbey of St. Augustine, at Bristol, of which he afterwardsbecame a canon.

He married Eve (c). He died 5 February 1170/1, aged about 75. His wife,who founded a priory of nuns on St. Michael's hill, Bristol, whereof shedied Prioress, 12 March 1170, was buried with her husband. [CompletePeerage II:124-25, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

(d) The parentage of this Harding (living c 1125) has been long and hotlydisputed. He has been termed "son of the King of Denmark" (as in thepetition of 1661), "Mayor of Bristol", and so forth. The view nowgenerally accepted is that he was the son of Eadnoth (killed 1068),"Staller" to King Harold and to Edward the Confessor. E.A. Freemanpronounces this descent "in the highest degree probable." Eyton (in his"Shropshire") devoted much attention to the subject.

(c) She is alleged to have been sister of Durand, daughter of SirEstmond, by Godiva, his wife, a pedigree which J. H. Round denounces as"obviously absurd".

2127581953. Eva FitzEstmond 1, 2, 3 was born about 1099 in Gloucestershire, England. She died 4, 5 on 12 Mar 1169/1170 in St Michael's Hill, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England (as a prioress). She was buried in St Augustine's Priory, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England. [Parents]

He [Robert FitzHarding] married Eve (c). He died 5 February 1170/1, agedabout 75. His wife, who founded a priory of nuns on St. Michael's hill,Bristol, whereof she died Prioress, 12 March 1170, was buried with herhusband. [Complete Peerage II:124-25, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

(c) She is alleged to have been sister of Durand, daughter of SirEstmond, by Godiva, his wife, a pedigree which J. H. Round denounces as"obviously absurd".


2127581954. Roger III de Berkeley , of Dursley, Sir 1, 2, 3 was born about 1105 in Berkeley, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England. He died 4, 5 in 1170 in Dursley, Gloucestershire, England. [Parents]

Roger de Berkeley, feudal Lord of Berkeley before the grant to RobertFitz Harding. [Roger] had lost the manor of Berkeley c1152 fortemporizing between Stephen I and the Empress Maud (mother of Henry II,who took Berkeley from Roger]. [Burke's Peerage]



ROGER DE BERKELEY, son and heir, who completed the building of the Castleof Berkeley. He suffered much in the wars between Stephen and the EmpressMaud, at the hands of Walter, son of Miles, Earl of Hereford. He wasdeprived of the Manor of Berkeley, &c., about 1152, apparently forrefusing to recognise the authorIty of either party, though he was soonafterwards restored to the Honour Of Dursley (c). He died about 1170,leaving issue. The Castle and "herness" of Berkeley were granted by theKing [to Robert FitzHarding]. [Complete Peerage II:124, (transcribed byDave Utzinger)]

(c) The Dursley Lordship continued in his descendants in the male line(the issue of his son and heir, Roger de Berkeley, by Helen, 1st daughterof Robert Fitz Harding, his successor in the lands of Berkeley for eightgenerations, when Nicholas Berkeley, the heir male, died s.p. in 1382. Bythe heir general, Robert Wykes, it was alienated in 1564. In 1404, by thedeath of Sir Nicholas Berkeley, of Coberley, co. Gloucester, the whole ofthe male issue of Roger, the founder of this race, became extinct.


2127581956. John de Somery , of Little Crawley, Sir 1, 2, 3 was born about 1135 in Little Crawley, Buckinghamshire, England. He died 4 before 1195. He married 5 Hawise de Paynel in 1st husband. John was born about 1125.


Observations.- Nothing is known of the origin of the family of Somery.John de Somery, its first representative, who m. Hawise Paynel, seems tohave held in Little Crawley, Bucks, under Gervase Paynel; but this mayhave been his wife's maritagium. No link between John and the de Someryfamilies of Essex, Kent, Herts and Cambridgeshire, or of Sussex, or ofSomerset or Dorset, or of Surrey, is discoverable. There was an Agnes deSomery who, before 1170, held under Gervase Payne], in Churchill, Worcs;but she has not been identified. Edmondson and others have suggested thatSomery of Dudley sprang from Ascelin, called Gouel de Perceval, ancestorof the Lovels of Castle Cary, Som. There appears to be no evidence forthis beyond the fact that in two generations a younger son bore theadditional name of Perceval. William de Somery, who succeeded his brotherRalph and died in 1222, is described variously as William de Somery,Percevall de Duddelegh or de Sumery, and William Percevall de Somery.Again, in 1278 and in 1300-01, John, younger brother of Roger de Somery,is styled Persevallus de Somery, and John Perceval de Somery; and he alsoappears in the Parliamentary Roll of Arms as Sire Perceval de Somery ofWarwickshire, bearing Azure, 2 lions passant gold; Roger de Somery borethe coat of the Paynels, viz. Gold, 2 lions passant azure. Lodge statesthat Sir Roger Perceval, who was living in 1287, was also known as SirRoger de Somery; but no authority is given, and none has been traced. Hewas certainly not identical with the contemporary Roger de Somery ofDudley.

JOHN DE SOMERY married Hawise, sister and heir of Gervase, and daughterof Ralph PAYNEL, who had inherited the barony of William FitzAnsculph.John died before Gervase. Hawise survived him, and married, 2ndly, RogerDE BERKELEY. [Complete Peerage XII/1:109-10, (transcribed by DaveUtzinger)]

2127581957. Hawise de Paynel 1, 2, 3 was born about 1145 in Dudley Castle, Warwickshire, England. She died in 1208/1209. [Parents]

Hawise Paynel, daughter & in her issue coheir, sister of Gervase Paynel;m. (1) Sir John de Somery; m. (2) c 1196 Roger de Berkeley. [AncestralRoots]


2127581958. John "The Marshal" FitzGilbert , of Rockley 1, 2, 3, 4 was born 5 before 1109 in Winterbourne Monkton, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England. He died 6 before 29 Sep 1165 in Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England. He married 7 Sibyl de Salisbury in 1142 in 2nd wife. [Parents]

John FitzGilbert, styled also John the Marshal, 1st son and heir [ofGilbert], a party to the suit aforesaid, succeeded to his father's landsand office in or shortly before 1130, when he owed 22.13.4 marks forthem. He then held land in Wiltshire, and owed 40 marks silver for theoffice of supplying fodder for the royal horses in his charge, as well as30 marks silver for the land and daughter of Walter Pipard. He was withHenry I in Normandy in 1137 and in England in 1138, in which year hefortified the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall. In 1140 he heldMarlborough for the King, and captured Robert FitzHubert, who had takenthe royal castle of Devizes. After Stephen had been taken prisoner atLincoln, John joined the Empress, with whom he was at Reading in May, atOxford in July, and at Winchester in Aug-Sep 1141, where in the finalrout he was cut off and surrounded in Wherwell Abbey, but escaped withthe loss of an eye and other wounds (b). In 1142 he was again with theEmpress at Oxford, and some 2 years later at Devizes. In 1144 he wasraiding the surrounding country form Marlborough Castle and oppressingthe clergy. He was with Maud's son Henry at Devizes in 1149 and 1153;and in 1152 Newbury Castle was defended by his constable againstStephen. After Henry's accession John was granted Crown lands inWiltshire worth 82 marks per annum, including Marlborough Castle; but hehad to surrender the castle in 1158. He was present at the Council ofClarendon in 1164; soon after which he sued Thomas Becket for part of hismanor at Pagham, in Sussex. John was a benefactor to the priory ofBradenstoke, the abbey of Troarn, and the Templars.

He m., 1stly, Aline, who may have been the daughter and heir of WalterPipard. He is said to have repudiated her circa 1141, and he m., 2ndly,Sibyl, sister of Patrick de Salisbury, 1st Earl of WIltshire, anddaughter of Walter de Salisbury, hereditary sheriff of Wiltshire andconstable of Salisbury Castle, by Sibyl, daughter of Patrick de Chaources(Chaworth). John d. in 1165, before Michaelmas. [Complete PeerageX:Appendix G:93-95]

(b) According to the poem, John escaped from Winchester on foot toMarlborough, and there assembled troops, with which he inflicted muchloss on the King and his partisans, and when Stephen marched towardsLudgershall, the Marshal waylaid and defeated the royal forces. Afterthis Patrick de Salisbury (whom the poet prematurely makes an Earl) issaid to have made many attacks on the Marshal, with the King's support;until the feud was settled by John repudiating his 1st wife and marryingPatrick's sister.


John Marshal, whom the Gesta Stephani rather unkindly describes as 'alimb of hell and the root of all evil' was a man who loved warfare, andplayed the game of politics with great success. At first he supportedStephen but, when he began to realise the failings of the King and thepotentialities of Matilda's party, he changed sides. Almost immediatelyhe proved by a consummate act of bravery and hardihood, that he was worthhaving: escorting Matilda to safety in his castle at Ledgershall, Johnfound that the party was going dangerously slowly because Matilda wasriding side-saddle, so he persuaded her to ride astride, and stoppedbehind to delay the pursuers at Wherwell. His force was soon overpoweredby the numbers of the enemy, and John took refuge with one of his knightsin the Abbey. The opposing party promptly set fire to the church, andJohn and his knight had to take cover in the tower, John threatening tokill his knight if he made any move to surrender. As the lead of the roofbegan to melt and drop on the two soldiers, putting out one of John'seyes, the enemy moved off, convinced that they were dead. They escaped,in a terrible state, but triumphant, to John's castle.

He plainly expected his children to be as tough as himself, as anincident of the year 1152, when William was about six, will show. KingStephen went to besiege Newbury Castle, which Matilda had given John todefend; the castellan, realising that provisions and the garrison wereboth too low to stand a long siege, asked for a truce to inform hismaster. This was normal practice, for if the castellan were not at oncerelieved, he could then surrender without being held to have let hismaster down. Now John had not sufficient troops to relieve the castle, sohe asked Stephen to extend the truce whilst he, in turn, informed hismistress, and agreed to give William as a hostage, promising not toprovision and garrison the castle during the truce. This he promptly did,and when he received word from Stephen that the child would be hung if hedid not at once surrender the castle, he cheerfully replied that he hadhammer and anvils to forge a better child than William. [Who's Who inthe Middle Ages, John Fines, Barnes & Noble Books, New York, 1995]


John Mareschall, attaching himself to the fortunes of Maud against KingStephen, was with Robert, the consul, Earl of Gloucester, at the siege ofWinchester Castle, when the party of the empress sustained so signal adefeat. Upon the accession of Henry II, however, in 1154, his fidelitywas amply rewarded by considerable grants in the co. Wilts; and in the10th of that monarch's reign, being then marshal, he laid claim, for thecrown, to one of the manors of the see of Canterbury from the prelate,Thomas à Becket, who about that period, had commenced his contest withthe king. To this John s. his son and heir, John Mareschall. [Sir BernardBurke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke'sPeerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 357, Marshal, Barons Marshal]

2127581959. Sibyl de Salisbury 1, 2, 3 was born about 1127 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. She died on 3 Jun. [Parents]

He [John the Marshal] m., 2ndly, Sibyl, sister of Patrick de Salisbury,1st Earl of WIltshire, and daughter of Walter de Salisbury, hereditarysheriff of Wiltshire and constable of Salisbury Castle, by Sibyl,daughter of Patrick de Chaources (Chaworth). John d. in 1165, beforeMichaelmas. [Complete Peerage X:Appendix G:93-95]


2127581960. King of England Henry II Plantagenet was born on 5 Mar 1133 in Le Mans,Sarthe,France . He died on 6 Jul 1189 in The Great Castle of Chinon,Indre-Et-Loire,France . He was buried on 8 Jul 1189 in Fontevrault Abbey,Fontevrault,Maine-Et-Loire,France . He married Princess of Aquitaine Eleanore on 11 May 1152 in Bordeaux,Gironde,France. [Parents]

BIR-MAR-DEA-BUR: Bk, Medieval Knight by Stephen Turnbull. Eeanor of Aquitaine, one of the richest women in Europe was divorced from her husband, Louis VII, King of France, and married a certain Henry Plantagenet. From the point of view of the King of France there could have been no worse alliance. This Henry Plantagenet had recently had recently inherited Maine, Touraine and Anjou from his father, and was already both Duke of Normandy and Suzerain of Brittany. 1154, on the death of King Stephen, Henry became King Henry II of England. The amalgamation of their territories into what was to become the Angevin empire, the glory of Plantagenets, would provoke the virtue of inter-nationalism and the vice of conflict, between England and France for the next three centuries. Henry II (of England) (1133-89), King of England (1154-89), first monarch of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet, an important administrative reformer, who was one of the most powerful European rulers of his time. Born March 5, 1133, at Le Mans, France, Henry became Duke of Normandy in 1151. The following year, on the death of his father, he inherited the Angevin territories in France. By his marriage in 1152 to Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry added vast territories in southwestern France to his possessions. Henry claimed the English kingship through his mother, Matilda. She had been designated the heiress of Henry I but had been deprived of the succession by her cousin, Stephen of Blois, who made himself king. In 1153 Henry defeated Stephen's armies in England and compelled the king to choose him as his successor; on Stephen's death, the following year, Henry became king. During the first few years of his reign Henry quelled the disorders that had developed during Stephen's reign, regained the northern counties of England, which had previously been ceded to Scotland, and conquered North Wales. In 1171-72 he began the Norman conquest of Ireland and in 1174 forced William the Lion, King of the Scots, to recognize him as overlord. In 1164 Henry became involved in a quarrel with Thomas Becket, whom he had appointed archbishop of Canterbury. By the Constitutions of Clarendon, the King decreed that priests accused of crimes should be tried in royal courts; Becket claimed that such cases should be handled by ecclesiastical courts, and the controversy that followed ended in 1170 with Becket's murder by four of Henry's knights. Widespread indignation over the murder forced the king to rescind his decree and recognize Becket as a martyr. Although he failed to subject the church to his courts, Henry's judicial reforms were of lasting significance. In England he established a centralized system of justice accessible to all freemen and administered by judges who traveled around the country at regular intervals. He also began the process of replacing the old trial by ordeal with modern court procedures. From the beginning of his reign, Henry was involved in conflict with Louis VII, King of France, and later with Louis's successor, Philip II, over the French provinces that Henry claimed. A succession of rebellions against Henry, headed by his sons and furthered by Philip II and by Eleanor of Aquitaine, began in 1173 and continued until his death at Chinon, France, on July 6, 1189. Henry was succeeded by his son Richard I, called Richard the Lion-Hearted.

Marriage 1 Eleanore b: 1121/1122 in ,Bordeaux,France
Married: 11 MAY 1152 in ,Bordeaux,Gironde,France
William Plantagenet b: 17 AUG 1152 in ,Le Mans,Sarthe,France
Henry Plantagenet b: 28 MAR 1155 in Bermandseypalace,London,MDSX,England
Matilda Plantagenet b: 1156 in ,London,MDSX,England
Richard I, "coeur Plantagenet b: 13 SEP 1157 in Beaumont Palace,Oxford,Oxfordshire,England
Geoffrey Plantagenet b: 23 SEP 1158 in ,Eng
Philip Prince Of England b: ABT 1160 in Of,England
Eleanor Plantagenet b: 13 OCT 1162 in ,Falaise,Calvados,France
Joanna Plantagenet b: OCT 1164/1165 in ,Angers,Maine-Et-Loire,France
John, "Lackland" Plantagenet b: 24 DEC 1166 in Kings Manorhouse,Oxford,Oxford,England

Marriage 2 Annabel Balliol
Married: 18 MAY 1153 in Unmd

Marriage 3 Rosamond Clifford
Married: in Not married

Marriage 4 Ykenai Hikenai Mrs-Henry England
Married: in Unmd

Marriage 5 Mrs-Henry Ii, Concubine England
Married: in Unmd

Marriage 6 Spouse Unknown
Married: 11 MAY 1152 in ,Bordeaux,Gironde,Frn

2127581961. Princess of Aquitaine Eleanore was born in 1121/1122 in Bordeaux,France . She died on 31 Mar 1204 in Fontevrault L'Ab,Maine-Et-Loire,France . She was buried in Fontevrault L'Ab,Maine-Et-Loire,France . [Parents]

BIR-MAR-DEA-BUR: Bk, Medieval Knight by Stephen Turnbull. !NOT: The young heiress ws fair enough to content any king appears from subsequent accounts. "Charming," "Welcome" "Lively" are the words used by the chroniclers to portray her.

William Plantagenet b: 17 AUG 1152 in ,Le Mans,Sarthe,France
Henry Plantagenet b: 28 MAR 1155 in Bermandseypalace,London,MDSX,England
Matilda Plantagenet b: 1156 in ,London,MDSX,England
Richard I, "coeur Plantagenet b: 13 SEP 1157 in Beaumont Palace,Oxford,Oxfordshire,England
Geoffrey Plantagenet b: 23 SEP 1158 in ,Eng
Philip Prince Of England b: ABT 1160 in Of,England
Eleanor Plantagenet b: 13 OCT 1162 in ,Falaise,Calvados,France
Joanna Plantagenet b: OCT 1164/1165 in ,Angers,Maine-Et-Loire,France
John, "Lackland" Plantagenet b: 24 DEC 1166 in Kings Manorhouse,Oxford,Oxford,England


2127581962. 5th Earl of Surrey Hamelin. [Parents]


2127582010. William De Briwere was born about 1145 in Stoke,Devo,England . He died in 1226 in Devo,England . He married Beatrice De Vaux.

BIR-DEA: Bk, Medieval Knight by Stephen Turnbull.

2127582011. Beatrice De Vaux was born about 1149 in Stoke,Devonshire,England .

BIR: Bk, Medieval Knight by Stephen Turnbull.


2127582024. Ralph Aller * was born about 1155 in Aller, Langport, Somerset, England .


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